Panta Rei Cicrle Skirts
Threepanel Circle Skirt
You need:
 Fabric
 Wide elastic
 Matching thread
 Pattern paper
 
Tools:
 Piece of string
 Pencil
 Scissors
 Tape measure
 Calculator
 Clamptype skirthanger
 Sewing machine


1. Pattern
(a) Pattern size
First, you make a paper pattern. Take a piece of paper of
2 metres long and 1.2 metres wide. On this pattern, you'll need to draw
two halfcircles, a small one and a large one.
After you've finished drawing the two halfcircles, the pattern should look like
the one above on the righthand side. Let's see how we draw these halfcircles.
(b) Drawing the small halfcircle
 Hipmeasurement  measure all around your
hips at the widest part. Don't take the hipmeasurement too tight! The skirt
will have to be loosefitted, i.e. you must be able to easily put it on and
take it off.
Example: Your hipmeasurement may be, say, 96 cm.

Seams  for a threepanel circle skirt, you'll need six seams.
The panels will be sewed together at the straight edges, so you'll have two
seams for each panel. If you take seams of 1.5 cm each, you'll need to
add 9 cm to your hipmeasurement to get the amount of fabric you'll need for the
skirt at the top.
Seams = 6 x 1.5 cm = 9 cm

Example: If your hipmeasurement is 96 cm, adding 9 cm
will give you 105 cm. That's what you'll need for the skirt at the top.
 The radius of the small halfcircle is calculated as follows:
(Hipmeasurement + 9 cm) : 9.42
Example: If your hipmeasurement is 96 cm, you add 9 cm to get 105 cm.
Divide this by 9.42 and you'll get a radius of 11.15 cm.
 Drawing the small halfcircle 
To draw the halfcircle, tie up a piece of string to a pin and a pencil. The distance
between pen and pin is the radius of the circle, i.e. one of the two red lines on the
picture below.
Make sure that you have sufficient length of string to include the
parts you need to tie a knot around the pin and the pencil.
Pin down a piece of string in the center of the small semicircle, i.e.
midway the length of the paper (the x on the picture).
To find the center, simply fold the paper in two and attach the pin to the edge of the fold.
Now go round with the pencil to draw the small semicircle on the pattern.
Example: If your pattern is two metres long, then pin the string down
at the edge of the fold, i.e. one metre from the side.
 
The Radius
(only for those interested in the math)
Calculate how much fabric you need around the top of the skirt.
This will be your hipmeasurement plus 6 times what you need for one seam.
Divide this total by three, because you will use three
panels. This will give you the top round edge for one panel.
This top edge will be drawn on the pattern as a small halfcircle.
Halfcircle = 
Hipmeasurement + Seams 3 
Example: if the total amount of fabric you need at the top is 105 cm,
divide this 105 cm by three, to end up with a 35 cm top edge for each
piece of fabric.
The circumference of the full circle will be twice that top edge,
since a full circle is twice a halfcircle.
Circumference = 2 x halfcircle 
Example: if the halfcircle on the pattern is 35 cm, the circumference of the full circle
will be twice that, i.e. 70 cm.
To calculate the diameter, you take the circumference of
the full circle and divide this by pi.
Diameter =  circle circumference pi (3.14) 
Example: if the circumference of the full circle is 70 cm, the diameter will
be 70 cm (i.e. 2 x 35 cm) divided by pi (3.14) = 22.3
Radius (small semicircle) =  diameter 2 
Example: If your diameter is 22.3 cm, the radius will be 22.3 cm : 2 = 11.15 cm
The formula thus is:
Radius =  Hipmeasurement + Seams
Number of panels x Pi 


(c) Drawing the large halfcircle

To draw the large halfcircle, you'll need to calculate its radius, which will be
the distance between pin and the pencil. First, you'll need to decide where you
want to wear the skirt. Bellydancers will typically want to wear the skirt around
the hips, just above the widest part of your hips. Others may want to wear
the skirt a bit higher, closer to the waist. To let the skirt flow out wide when
turning, the skirt should be long, so measure from where you want to wear the
skirt at the top to just underneath the ankle.
Note that if you want to hem the lower edge, you'll need to add 2 cm.
To get the radius of the large halfcircle, add the radius of the
small halfcircle to the length of the skirt.
Radius (of large halfcircle) = hiptoankle measurement + radius (of small semicircle) 

Now go round with the pencil to draw the large halfcircle on the pattern.
2. Fabric
(a) Before you start cutting...

Buy a piece of fabric. The Panta Rei color for circleskirts is Plain Black Charmeuse.
This makes the brightcolored scarves, belts and veils look
good, while the faces also come out brighter on photographs and
video.
On the drawings here, the width of the fabric is 1.20 metres, but
if the fabric you buy is 1.12 wide, that is fine as well. The halfcircles
should easily fit in either width.
You'll need a length of fabric that is three times as long as your pattern.
If you buy 6 metres, you should have enough. Note the yellow box below if you
want to save a bit on fabric.
 Prewash the fabric if you think it might shrink or run.
If you take the Plain Black Charmeuse, as recommended, you don't have to prewash.
 Spread out the fabric on the floor, folded into three equal layers.
You should now have three layers of fabric on top of each other.
 Pin all three layers with the pattern on top together.
Pinning everything together may prevent the material from slipping around
while you are cutting.
 Using a sharp pair of scissors, cut through all three layers, following
the circles of the pattern.
For the more adventurous only!
Alternatively, you can cut out the pieces one by one. This will
save you a bit on fabric, but it's more tricky. If you
cut the pieces one by one, as on the picture below,
you should be able to fit the three pieces in 5 metres of fabric.
In this case, pin the pattern at the edge of the fabric and cut out the
first piece following the outline of the pattern with your scissors. Then, pin
the pattern to the fabric at the edge on the other end and cut out the second piece.
Finally, pin the pattern in the middle and cut out the third piece.


(b) Sewing the panels together
 Whatever way you cut the fabric, you should end up with three identical
halfcircles. Sew these three halfcircles
together at the straight edge (1.5 cm seams) to form one big circle.
 Gather upper edge.
 Sew the upper edge to wide elastic or to a casing where you later
thread elastic through.
 Hang the skirt on a hanger for at least one week. The fabric is sewed
together at the selfedge, so there will not be much change there.
Elsewhere, the fabric may stretch out a bit, so have another look after one
week and, where necessary, cut off parts that are too long.
 Overlock lower edge. Alternatively, you can hem the lower edge, but in
that case, you'll need to add 2 cm to the hiptoankle measurement, as
mentioned above.
 Tell me how things went, e.g. by posting a message at the
Bellydancing group at Yahoo!

